Difference Between Competitive Service and Excepted Service
State civil service jobs are all the jobs that come under the government sector except for unstated jobs such as the army, navy, as well as the air force.
These jobs include the executive, judicial and the legislative arms of the government. Most of the state civil service jobs are merit based and earned after extremely competitive examinations.
This is practiced for the lower post in the state civil service. The senior posts such as required agencies and executive positions are given to politically appointed persons.
However, at the turn of the 1800s the state civil service jobs were awarded by the president and could be taken away at any time. The state civil service is divided into 2 key areas; the competitive service and the excepted service.
The competitive service is where job candidates need to go over rigorous testing so as to be customary with it. Except for jobs that are specially exempted from the competitive service by statute, jobs that are nominated by the United Sates Senate, and jobs in the Senior Executive Service, virtually all state civil service jobs are in the executive branch,
People employed through the competitive service are given an outstanding amount of rights in order to protect their positions, while the government maintains its control over the employees.
The excepted service mainly consists of the national security and intelligence areas of the state civil service. The most known divisions of the excepted service are the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA), the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the National Security Agency (NSA).
The primary difference between jobs in the excepted service and those in the competitive service is the lack of the employee’s rights under the excepted service.
When it comes to employee dismissal or being disciplined on the job, members of the excepted service are given letter thirty days beforehand and the right to a trial.
The salaries of the state civil service workers tend to be higher than those of the private sector. In addition to their base pay, members of the state civil service enjoy additional benefits depending on the state they live in.
The General Schedule is the pay scale that is used by the executive members of the civil service, whereas the lower positions utilise a Wage Grade pay scale.
Other agencies such as the Federal Reserve System have developed their own pay scale.
The Civil Service Restate Act of 1978 produced three agencies to monitor the state civil service. Each agency is responsible for different areas.
Together they ensure that employees are not treated unfairly, guiding the different agencies within the state civil service, and overlooks the rights of employees of the state civil service.
The main reason behind this act was to insure the state civil service does not encourage incompetency.