Definition Of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome CTS


Carpal tunnel syndrome, also referred to as CTS, is a condition that involves the major nerves of the hand and fingers. These nerves control the function of the fingers and hands and are both referred to as the median nerve.

When these nerves become compressed inside a tunnel within the wrist, the result is the symptoms that are most commonly associated with carpal tunnel syndrome. These symptoms can include:

• Tingling
• Numbness
• Pain
• A ‘funny’ feeling in the hand, wrist or fingers

The carpal tunnel is a little passageway that is situated inside the wrist. Many small bones inside the wrist form the sides as well as the bottom of this tunnel. The roof of the tunnel is formed by a ligament that is known as the transverse carpal ligament.

This ligament arches over the small bones. The median nerve is located inside the tunnel and is responsible for conducting impulses sent by the brain all the way down to the fingers and the arm.

The tendons for the finger flexor muscles are also located inside the tunnel. These tendons are responsible for making it feasible for the fingers to bend. There are veins and arteries inside the tunnel as well.

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