Contemporary Theories of Leadership and Management


In the early stage of the 20th century, there was a great enhancement in the interest of the people about the term like leadership. Mainly the leadership theories categorize the qualities of the leader and his subordinates or followers.

Also there is more emphasis on the variables like situational aspects, competent level, skills. These emerging leadership theories are classified into eight categories like theories of tremendous man, trait theories, contingency theories, situational theories, behaviorial theories, participative theories, management theories as well as relationship theories.

In the first variety of leadership theories, i.e. theories of great man; it is firmed opinion that the legendary leaders have to born they are not produced or mould. This theory is the portrait of the legend leaders as gallant, mythic, as well as they were born to explore there leadership qualities whenever they requires.

The reason behind the utilize of word like great fellow for the leadership theory is that in such time the leadership quality is considered as the mainly a male quality which is specially referred to armed leadership.

The ideology of the second sort of the leadership theory is identical to its first sort. According to trait theories, trait theory it is a firm belief that the person possessing the leadership excellence is the impact of its skills as well as qualities, which are from genetic inheritance as well as traits that compose these qualities well matched to leadership.

Therefore, by utilising such theory, it is extremely simple to analysis the several features of behaviors which is shared by such leader. nevertheless sometime such trait theory creates confusion, when somebody holds the special traits like skills, qualities yet do not become the leader.

The Contingency Theory is 1 of the types of the leadership theories. This theory illustrates as well as gives emphasis to the positive approach of the leader towards the unforeseen incident, which makes him the real leader.

Therefore, this last-minute decision making requires several variables like leading style, competence of his followers or subordinates and their approach to such situation. In abbreviation, the leadership quality varies according to requirement of the situation.

In the situational theory, the more weight-age on the require of the critical situation while making the decision by the leaders. thence sometimes, he takes aggressive decision and sometimes he gives importance to the negotiations. In such situational theories, the real leaders always take all his colleagues as well as subordinates while taking any major, critical decision.

The leadership theory like behavioral theory is mainly relies on the belief like the legendary leaders are produced as well as not born. hence in this theory, it is opined that leaders enhance their leading quality through their daily observations and teaching aids of life. accordingly according to such theory, the leading approach does not rely on the physical as well as mental traits.

In the participative leadership theory, the leaders give emphasis towards the involvement as well as assistance of their teammates while achieving any aim. They facilitate their group members with feeling that is more significant and convinced them to the decision-making process.

In remaining type like Management theories as well as relationship theories of leadership, more emphasis is laid on the administration, union, and team performance of any organization. While in Relationship theories, more emphasis is laid on the relationship between leaders as well as followers.



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